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5 Research-Backed Foods to Help Heal a Sunburn | by heidi mukhtar


 


Wish you could make your sunburns go away faster this summer? Topical solutions like aloe vera and hydrocortisone cream aren’t your only options.

Eating and drinking certain things may support the healing process, though your diet won’t make or break your sunburn recovery.


Here are five foods that offer unique benefits for sunburned skin.


 Home Remedies for a Sunburn

Carrots

A bunch of fresh carrots

Nick Fewings/Unsplash


Carrots are one of the best foods to eat if you have a sunburn thanks to the beta carotene in the vegetable.


Beta carotene is a carotenoid that’s naturally found in many foods that are (naturally) orange and yellow. Along with carrots, sweet potatoes and cantaloupe also contain this key carotenoid. Non-orange foods like green leafy vegetables (like spinach) are also good sources of beta carotene.


Carotenoids build up in the outer layer of the skin to form a protective barrier against environmental influences, including ultraviolet (UV) radiation. That helps protect against skin aging by promoting skin elasticity and hydration while reducing the development of wrinkles and age spots.1


Research has shown that getting adequate amounts of beta carotene in your diet may help protect your skin from the damage caused by UV light.2  


Fermented Milk

A small white ramekin of yogurt next to some blueberries and waffles.

Jill Wellington/Pexels


Fermented milk products, like kefir, are made by adding beneficial bacteria and/or yeast to dairy milk. The result is a beverage that contains live cultures with many health benefits.


Milk fermented with lactic acid bacteria has been shown to amplify DNA repair and improve skin immunity after a sunburn.


If your fermented milk drink also contains collagen hydrolysates, it may further promote healthy skin.3


Taking a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) can help with inflammation and pain caused by a sunburn.4


100% Orange Juice Fortified With Vitamin D

A glass of orange juice surrounded by whole and sliced oranges on a white background.

Bru-nO/Pixabay


Fortified, 100% orange juice can provide 15% of your daily recommended value of vitamin D. The drink also gives you a boost of hydration, antioxidants, and polyphenols.


Research has shown that polyphenols may decrease the damaging effects of ultraviolet A (UVA) and ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation on the skin.5


Dietary vitamin D has been shown to rapidly relieve inflammation from sunburns.6


Studies have also shown that getting plenty of citrus in your diet (including OJ) is linked to a lower risk of developing basal cell carcinoma (a type of skin cancer).7


 Study: 100% Orange Juice May Fight Inflammation

Tomato-Based Dishes

Slices tomatoes on a cutting board

The Spruce Eats / Preethi Venkatram


Enjoying a dish made with tomato paste is a delicious and satisfying way to support your skin health at any time, but might be especially helpful post-sunburn. 


Tomato paste contains lycopene, a carotenoid that can offer skin protection.


In one study, people who ate 55 grams of tomato paste with 10 grams of olive oil daily over 12 weeks had less UV exposure-induced skin reddening (erythema) than people who did not include tomato paste in their diets.8


Other studies have found that tomato consumption may help reduce the risk of certain cancers.9


Pomegranate

Sliced pomegranate fruit on wood cutting board with seeds and striped cloth nearby

The Spruce / Michelle Becker


Pomegranates are a rich source of polyphenolics, which may have anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and anti-cancer benefits.


The fruit may also help you heal a sunburn. In one study, both pomegranate juice and pomegranate extract were more effective than placebo in increasing the minimal dose of UVB required to induce erythema, highlighting the protective effects of pomegranate against UVB-induced cell damage.10


Health Risks of Sunburns

Short-term sunburn side effects include inflammation, itching, and peeling.


In the long term, getting a sunburn can increase your risk of developing skin cancer.4 Frequent sun exposure can also lead to wrinkles and brown spots on certain skin tones.11


Preventing a Sunburn

Eating well can help you feel better after a sunburn, but it’s much better to try to keep from getting too much sun exposure in the first place.


You can prevent sunburns by:


Not going outdoors at the times of day when the sunlight is strongest

Staying in the shade under an umbrella, tree, or another shelter

Wearing a hat with a brim that goes all the way around to shade your face, ears, and the back of your neck

Using a broad-spectrum sunscreen that blocks both UVA and UVB rays

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